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The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Software on Improvement of Blood Injection Phobia in Children and Adolescents

Abstract

Background: Blood-injection phobia is a chronic and debilitating disorder in children and adolescents which can be associated with anxiety avoidance of many essential treatments. Although there are some current recommended treatments for blood-injection phobia, little evidence is available on the virtual reality therapy. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate the effect of virtual reality therapy on blood-injection phobia among children and adolescents.

Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 31 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with the diagnosis of blood-injection phobia were investigated. All children received 12 sessions of working with virtual reality software. The children’s anxiety level was assessed using Spielberger and specific symptoms of blood-injection phobia questionnaires. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software.

Findings: After working with the software, the mean scores of state, trait, and state-trait anxiety and also blood-injection phobia in children were significantly lower than their levels before working with the software (P < 0.050 for all). There was a direct and significant correlation between age and the degree of reduction of situational anxiety (r = +0.60, P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Virtual reality therapy can effectively reduce state, trait, and state-trait anxiety and also blood-injection phobia in children and adolescents. However, further studies are required to determine the best version of virtual reality software for blood-injection phobia.

 

The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Software on Improvement of Blood Injection Phobia in Children and Adolescents

The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Software on Improvement of Blood Injection Phobia in Children and Adolescents



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My name is Sayed Ahmadreza Razian and I am a graduate of the master degree in Artificial intelligence .
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Related topics such as programming, image processing, machine vision, virtual reality, machine learning, data mining, and math are my research interests.

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  • Image processing
  • Machine vision
  • Machine learning
  • Pattern recognition
  • Data mining - Big Data
  • CUDA Programming
  • Game and Virtual reality

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